El Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones (IFT) propone que Teléfonos de México (Telmex), empresa del grupo América Móvil, preste servicios de última milla sobre su red de fibra óptica (FTTH-GPON)* y que las tarifas estén basadas en costos incrementales de largo plazo.

Por encargo del IFT, Axon Consulting ha desarrollado un Modelo de Costos para facilitar la determinación de las tarifas de un servicio mayorista de acceso virtual al bucle local de fibra óptica (conocido como VULA, por sus siglas en inglés).

El modelo de la red de acceso de fibra óptica del AEP calcula los costos de prestación del servicio de Desagregación virtual – VULA así como la desagregación física de los enlaces dedicados sobre fibra punto a punto. Asimismo, se dimensionan adicionalmente los siguientes servicios con el objetivo de asegurar el correcto dimensionado de los costos de red: Servicio de Acceso Indirecto (o bitstream por su terminología en inglés), Acceso fibra minorista y Enlaces dedicados sobre fibra.

Los principios generales, hipótesis y premisas bajo las cuales ha elaborado el modelo se resumen en:

• Metodología de costos incrementales promedio de largo plazo.
• Enfoque de modelo ascendente (Bottom-up).
• Horizonte temporal de 4 años futuros a partir del año en curso, que considera información del año 2015 como referencia para calibración del modelo.
• Enfoque Modified Scorched-Node, que se calibra con los elementos de red presentes en la red del AEP.
• Metodología del Costo de Capital Promedio Ponderado a fin de representar un monto razonable de retorno sobre el capital invertido por un operador de telecomunicaciones.
• Método de anualidad inclinada para calcular la amortización de los activos, con la posibilidad del método de anualidad inclinada ajustada.
• Categorías de costos en consideración: CapEx, OpEx, Costos Generales y de Administración.
• Asignación de costos comunes a servicios utilizando la metodología de “Capacidad Requerida”.

En marzo de 2014 el Pleno del Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones (IFT) determinó que el grupo de interés económico de América Móvil constituía un Agente Económico Preponderante en el sector de Telecomunicaciones. Por ello, el IFT estableció una serie de medidas para permitir la desagregación efectiva de su red local, de manera que otros concesionarios de telecomunicaciones pudieran acceder a ésta de manera eficiente, promoviendo así la competencia y el desarrollo de la industria.

El 30 de noviembre de 2016 es la fecha límite para publicar la Oferta de Referencia de los servicios de desagregación efectiva de la red local para el periodo comprendido del 1 de enero de 2017 al 31 de diciembre de 2018, la cual tomará en consideración los resultados y recomendaciones resultantes de este proyecto en lo relativo a las tarifas de los servicios de desagregación de fibra óptica.

El modelo está siendo sometido a un proceso de consulta pública, tal y como manifiesta el IFT, “con la finalidad de recabar comentarios de la industria, los concesionarios, permisionarios y autorizados, así como de especialistas en la materia y del público en general, para ser analizados y, de resultar procedente, fortalecer el Modelo de Costos”.

Axon Consulting colabora con el IFT desde 2014 en diversos proyectos relacionados con la Reforma de las Telecomunicaciones en México y la regulación asimétrica impuesta a los agentes económicos preponderantes.

 

 

*NOTA: Entre más de 30 operadores de 16 países de América Latina y el Caribe, según una investigación reciente del FTTH Council Latam, Teléfonos de México (Telmex) sería el operador con el mayor despliegue de fibra óptica al hogar (FTTH, por sus siglas en inglés) de la región. A finales de 2015, el mercado más grande de FTTH/B fue México, el cual con 1,29 millones suscriptores sobrepasaba ligeramente al de Brasil, que contaba con 1,25 millones de suscriptores. Ambos países representaban más del 69% del número de abonados de la región. Otro país que mostró un crecimiento muy interesante fue Colombia con más de 150.000 suscriptores y 1,3 millones de hogares pasados.


Axon Consulting has released a new Paper, co-sponsored by Microsoft, which looks at the main challenges concerning the use of coud computing services by the public sector and the potential policy actions to address them.

Governments across the world are increasingly looking at cloud computing as an IT alternative for the provision of better, more efficient and less costly public services to their citizens.
Nevertheless, it is still common for them to be reluctant to move their data to the cloud. As a more cautious response to this new and paradigm-shifting technology, government authorities may
• be concerned about information security and data protection problems associated with cloud services
• consider imposing data localization obligations, among other measures.

 

Our studies show that information security and data protection may overlap or complement each other, but are not substitutes, nor do they target the same objectives. What’s more, data localization may not be the right way to address these public policy objectives. On the contrary, if generalized, data localization can have an adverse effect on the local take-up of cloud services by public and private clients.
Our Paper concludes that, although overregulation of the cloud should be avoided, there is room for cloud policy and rules to address clear existing needs or gaps through a mix of mandatory and non-binding rules. The range of cloud-specific issues that may require such regulatory intervention is not limited to information security and data protection.


More specifically, our paper covers from a non-technical, and policy oriented point of view, the following:
• A high-level overview of cloud deployment models
• Potential cloud policy approaches for governments
• The pros and cons of regulation
• Regulatory measures for better information security
• Classification of data and information
• Quality standards on the collection, security, fair use and processing of collected data
• Jurisdiction in data protection matters and cross-border data transfers


In the coming months, Axon Consulting will be participating in a series of workshops across the globe on cloud services usage by public and government institutions. Please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for any enquiries on the exact schedule and location of these workshops.


The IFT, Federal Telecommunications Institute of Mexico, has awarded Axon Partners Group Consulting the special advising services for the biannual assessment of the competiveness measures imposed on the dominant operator in the broadcasting sector.

These asymmetrical measures were imposed to Televisa two years ago as part of the effort made by the Mexican Government to favour free competition and thus to end users. The asymmetrical measures were established to hold some conditions and behaviours back such as entry barriers, essential inputs’ control, exclusivities, discriminatory behaviours, unjustified refusals, predatory pricing, cross-subsidization, price discrimination, margin squeeze, artificial costs increase, discounts or benefits granted selectively, among others. Main measures related to broadcasting sector are those that affects to Infrastructure sharing, Content, Purchasing Clubs, Offer Channels, Information and non-discrimination in advertising and cross-ownership between AEPs.

Axon will advise the Regulatory Policy Unit, during the different stages of the procedure in order to modify, supress or add any measure imposed on the preponderant economic agent in the broadcasting sector.

According to the IFT “Asymmetric regulation will be analysed based on objective criteria which will allow us to know what is the degree of competitiveness in terms of market structure within sectors, economic agents’ behaviour, the evolution and dynamism in each of the services provided by AEPs, the strength their competitors has reached as well as the benefits to end users. This is an opportunity to analyse, and where appropriate, strengthen the asymmetric regulation imposed on AEPs and therefore, accelerate structural changes in both sectors, in a shorter period of time to achieve effective competition in these activities. ".

This project certainly strengthens the presence of Axon in Latin America, where it has local presence in Mexico City, Bogota and Miami and has developed multiple projects on public policy and regulation, as well as in analysis, cost and profitability for both private clients and for public and regulatory agents and regulators. In addition to the IFT, Axon has recently been working in the public sector with the AFTIC (Argentina), CRC (Colombia), SUTEL (Costa Rica), OUR (Jamaica) and ECTEL (Lesser Antilles), among others.


On 24 July 2016 The CITC presented a draft regulatory framework  concerning the cloud computing industry and launched a public consultation to gather views and feedback from national and international stakeholders. The initiative covers the cloud services provided to users within the KSA as well as services that may be offered internationally by providers in the KSA. ‎It is the first in its kind in terms of being targeted to the cloud industry and introducing a single point of reference in a local jurisdiction. Axon has advised the CITC in the devising and the drafting of the regulation
The consultation document is available online here and is open for submission of views until18 September 2016.


The project is related to the regulatory remedies imposed to America Movil Group in the Mexican market. In particular, the assignment will focus on the infrastructure sharing obligations where the incumbent must offer access to the passive fiber optic network (FTTH-GPON). Infrastructure sharing is internationally considered an effective way of promoting competition and lowering network deployment costs. Axon Consulting has been engaged by IFT, the Mexican Telecoms Regulator, to support in the process of unbundling the incumbent’s fixed next generation access networks. Axon Consulting’s team will develop a cost model to set the rates for the virtual unbundled access (VULA). Our firm has been collaborating with IFT since 2014 in several assignments stemming from the Mexican Telco Reform that imply asymmetric regulation to “preponderant economic agents”.


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